Gujarati Quick Learner – 05: Am, Are, and Is in Gujarati (with Singular Pronouns)

So where were we?

Oh yeah, remember how in one of my recent posts I kept repeating the following lines like a blithering doofus?

  • “Don’t worry, one of my upcoming posts will introduce ‘chᴴuᴺ’ to you.”
  • “Again, rest assured, I will introduce ‘chᴴo’ & ‘chᴴé’ to you in an upcoming post soon.”
  • “Yes yes, soon I will introduce ‘chᴴé’ to you in a separate post.”

Well, it’s time for me to come good on that promise… And I’ll do it in a way where you’ll remember it easily-peasily >>>

 

Let’s begin.

 

Am, Are, and Is in Gujarati (with Singular Pronouns)

 

1st Person: “Am”

(As in, “I am”)

amchᴴuᴺ 1      

My Random Notes:

1 You already saw this in Gujarati Quick Learner 03.

 

Sample Phrases:

Quick reminder from a previous lesson:

    • “I”   =   ‘hooᴺ’
I am [Dilshan]hooᴺ   [Dilshan]   chᴴuᴺ 2

My Random Notes:

2 ‘hooᴺ’ = “I” and ‘chᴴuᴺ’ = “am” in this context. So, the phrase literally reads “I Dilshan am” (in that order).

 


 

2nd Person: “Are”

(As in, “You are”)

Here’s the deal:

  • In English, we use the same word “are” when speaking to someone formal or someone informal.
    • For example, we’d say “You are”, regardless if we were speaking to someone formal like a friend’s parent or to someone informal like a childhood friend.
    • Side note: Remember from our previous lessons that…
      • By “formal” I mean that this is what you’d use when speaking to someone unfamiliar or older than you.
      • Similarly, by “informal” I mean that this is what you’d use when speaking to someone familiar and/or of a similar age as you.
  • Furthermore, in English, we also use the same word “are” when speaking to someone male or someone female.
    • For example, we’d say “You are”, regardless if you were speaking to your younger brother or your wife.

So far so good?

Well, unfortunately…

  • This is NOT ENTIRELY* the same in Gujarati.

 

 

  • Instead, in Gujarati we use 2 distinct versions of “are” based on if we’re speaking to someone formal or informal.

 

See below:

 

are (FORMAL MALE or FEMALE)chᴴo      
are (INFORMAL MALE or FEMALE)chᴴé      

 

Sample Phrases:

Quick reminder from a previous lesson:

  • formal “you”   =   ‘thȧ∙mé’
  • informal “you”   =   ‘thu’

1) When speaking to a male

You are [Dilshan] (FORMAL)thȧ∙mé   [Dilshan]   chᴴo 3
You are [Dilshan] (INFORMAL)thu   [Dilshan]   chᴴé 4

 

2) When speaking to a female

You are [Shwetal] (FORMAL)thȧ∙mé   [Shwetal]   chᴴo 3
You are [Shwetal] (INFORMAL)thu   [Shwetal]   chᴴé 4

My Random Notes:

3 When speaking to someone formal, we’d use ‘chᴴo’ regardless if the person is male or female.

Similarly, when speaking to someone informal, we’d use ‘chᴴé’ regardless if the person is male or female.

 


 

3rd Person: “Is”

(As in, “He is” or “She is”)

Here’s the deal:

  • In English, we use the same word “is” when referring to someone male or female.
  • Furthermore, we also use the same word “is” when referring to someone formal or informal.
    • For example, in both cases we would say “He IS” and “She IS”.

 

And guess what?…

  • This is the SAME in Gujarati!

 

Commodus is pleased again

 

See below:

 

is (ANY PERSON)chᴴé 5      

My Random Notes:

5 Notice that ‘chᴴé’ is the same word we used earlier for informal 2nd person “are” (as in, “You are”).

Since we use the SAME WORD regardless if we’re speaking to someone formal, informal, male or female, notice how the 4 sample phrases below all use ‘chᴴé’:

 

Sample Phrases:

Quick reminder from a previous lesson:

  • formal “he” or “she”   =   ‘thḗ∙o’
  • informal “he” or “she”   =   ‘thḗ’

1) When referring to a male

He is [Dilshan] (FORMAL)thḗ∙o   [Dilshan]   chᴴé
He is [Dilshan] (INFORMAL)thḗ   [Dilshan]   chᴴé

 

2) When referring to a female

She is [Pooja] (FORMAL)thḗ∙o   [Shwetal]   chᴴé
She is [Pooja] (INFORMAL)thḗ   [Shwetal]   chᴴé

 

And that’s all for new material today.

Time to play a game to recap what we learned…

(think of this as the stretching you’d do after a workout)

 


 

Memory Game:

Test Yo’Self: Gujarati Flashcards

 

is

(3rd PERSON – SINGULAR – INFORMAL – MALE & FEMALE)

As in, “He is” or “She is” when referring to someone informal

Click to see it in Gujarati
Click to see it in English

chᴴé

      

is

(3rd PERSON – SINGULAR – FORMAL – MALE & FEMALE)

As in, “He is” or “She is” when referring to someone formal

Click to see it in Gujarati
Click to see it in English

chᴴé

      

are

(2nd PERSON – SINGULAR – INFORMAL – FEMALE)

As in, “You are” to an informal female

Click to see it in Gujarati
Click to see it in English

chᴴé

      

are

(2nd PERSON – SINGULAR – FORMAL – FEMALE)

As in, “You are” to a formal female

Click to see it in Gujarati
Click to see it in English

chᴴo

      

are

(2nd PERSON – SINGULAR – INFORMAL – MALE)

As in, “You are” to an informal male

Click to see it in Gujarati
Click to see it in English

chᴴé

      

are

(2nd PERSON – SINGULAR – FORMAL – MALE)

As in, “You are” to a formal male

Click to see it in Gujarati
Click to see it in English

chᴴo

      

am

(1st PERSON – SINGULAR)

As in, “I am”

Click to see it in Gujarati
Click to see it in English

chᴴuᴺ

      

 


 

For all you subscribers, expect a fun assignment by email soon (if you’re not yet subscribed, see the box a little below).

Until then, post all your questions about this lesson in the comments below and we’ll sort it out together.

Hope you enjoyed it. Talk to you in a bit.

 

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2 Responses to Gujarati Quick Learner – 05: Am, Are, and Is in Gujarati (with Singular Pronouns)

  1. Melinda Goodman May 7, 2018 at 6:27 pm #

    So…..when my friend says “Kem cho Melinda” I SHOULD have been saying “saaru chu” NOT ”saaru che”……

  2. Amruta July 20, 2018 at 5:31 pm #

    So cho is when you are referring directly to the person in front of you and formal.

    Chu is when referring to myself.

    Che is essentially any 3rd person & informal you. Aa saras che?

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