Gujarati Quick Learner – 03: Singular Personal Pronouns in Gujarati

 

So far, we’ve learned how to say “yes”, “no”, & “okay” in Gujarati as well as learn some polite Gujarati words.

Today we’ll touch on some grammar.

We’re going to see SINGULAR personal pronouns in Gujarati…

(Loud murmurs erupt as the gathered crowd of Tribesters look around confused and ask “What the hell are personal pronouns?!!” Dilshan, dressed in his flowing white robe, raises his hand towards them in a reassuring manner)

I promise you that you know what personal pronouns are, you just may not know it’s called that. I didn’t either, until recently.

(The crowd breathes a sigh of relief and applauds loudly as they looked at the examples Dilshan was about to reveal to them)…

 

Examples of singular personal pronouns:

  • I
  • you
  • he
  • she

 

See? I told you.

 

Let’s start:

 

Personal Pronouns (Singular)

 

1st Person: “I”

Ihooᴺ 1      

My Random Notes:

1 You already saw this in Gujarati Quick Learner 01.

 

Sample Phrases:

I am [Dilshan]hooᴺ   [Dilshan]   chᴴuᴺ 2

My Random Notes:

2 ‘chᴴuᴺ’ = “am” in this context. So, the phrase literally reads “I Dilshan am” (in that order).

(Don’t worry, one of my upcoming posts will introduce ‘chᴴuᴺ’ to you.)

 


 

2nd Person: “You”

Here’s the deal:

  • In English, the 2nd-person singular pronoun is “you”.
  • Furthermore, in English, we use the same word “you” when we’re speaking to both a male and female (i.e. We don’t make a distinction based on gender).

And guess what?

  • This is the same in Gujarati…

Yay!!!

  • However, in Gujarati we do use 2 distinct versions of “you” based on if we’re speaking to someone formal or informal.

 

See below:

 

you (FORMAL)3 thȧ∙mé      
you (INFORMAL)4 thu      

My Random Notes:

3 By “formal” I mean that this is what you’d use when speaking to someone unfamiliar or older than you.

4 Similarly, by “informal” I mean that this is what you’d use when speaking to someone familiar and/or of a similar age as you.

 

Note:

  • Earlier, I told you that in Gujarati, we don’t make a distinction based on gender for the personal pronoun “you”.
  • While this remains true, notice in the sample phrases below how certain other words (such as the equivalent for “are”) changes according to gender:

 

Sample Phrases:

1) When referring to a male:

You are [Dilshan] (FORMAL)thȧ∙mé   [Dilshan]   chᴴo 5
You are [Dilshan] (INFORMAL)thu   [Dilshan]   chᴴé 6

 

2) When speaking to a female:

You are [Shwetal] (FORMAL)thȧ∙mé   [Shwetal]   chᴴo 5
You are [Shwetal] (INFORMAL)thu   [Shwetal]   chᴴé 6

 

My Random Notes:

5 In these 2 sentences, ‘chᴴo’ = “are”, when speaking to a FORMAL male or female. So, the phrases literally read “You Dilshan are” and “You Shwetal are” (in that order).

6 In these 2 sentences, ‘chᴴé’ = “are”, when speaking to an INFORMAL male or female. So, these phrases also literally read “You Dilshan are” and “You Shwetal are” (in that order).

(Again, rest assured, I will introduce ‘chᴴo’ & ‘chᴴé’ to you in an upcoming post soon.)

 


 

3rd Person: “He” & “She”

Here’s the deal:

  • In English, for the 3rd-person singular pronoun, we use 2 different words depending on gender.
    • For a male: “he”
    • For a female: “she”

And guess what?

  • In Gujarati, for the 3rd-person singular pronoun, we ONLY use 1 word for both “he” or “she”…

Yay!!! Makes our lives much easier.

  • However, once again in Gujarati we use 2 distinct versions for “he/she”, depending if we’re speaking to someone formal or informal.

 

See below:

 

he/she (FORMAL)thḗ∙o      
he/she (INFORMAL)thḗ      

 

Sample Phrases:

1) When referring to a male:

He is [Dilshan] (FORMAL)thḗ∙o   [Dilshan]   chᴴé 7
He is [Dilshan] (INFORMAL)thḗ   [Dilshan]   chᴴé 8

 

2) When referring to a female:

She is [Shwetal] (FORMAL)thḗ∙o   [Shwetal]   chᴴé 7
She is [Shwetal] (INFORMAL)thḗ   [Shwetal]   chᴴé 8

 

My Random Notes:

In these 4 sentences, ‘chᴴé’ = “is”, when referring to a FORMAL and INFORMAL male or female. So, the phrases literally read “He Dilshan is” or “She Shwetal is”.

(Yes yes, soon I will introduce ‘chᴴé’ to you in a separate post.)

 


 

Test Yo’Self: Gujarati Flashcards

 

he/she (INFORMAL)

Click to see it in Gujarati
Click to see it in English

thḗ

      

he/she (FORMAL)

Click to see it in Gujarati
Click to see it in English

thḗ∙o

      

you (INFORMAL)

Click to see it in Gujarati
Click to see it in English

thu

      

you (FORMAL)

Click to see it in Gujarati
Click to see it in English

thȧ∙mé

      

I

Click to see it in Gujarati
Click to see it in English

hooᴺ

      

 


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2 Responses to Gujarati Quick Learner – 03: Singular Personal Pronouns in Gujarati

  1. Keith April 7, 2018 at 7:17 am #

    Namaste Dilshan

    I hate to be the first but I will give it a crack. When trying to talk to my Gujarati speaking staff che, cho and chu really hurt my head 🙁

    Tame Mr Shah cho
    Theo Mr Shah che
    Thu Nita che
    The Nita che
    Tame Mrs Jyotsna cho
    Theo Mrs Jyotsna che
    Thu Sanket che
    The Sanket che

    Still had to look up the page once and still a little confused.
    Aavjo

  2. Amruta July 9, 2018 at 4:25 pm #

    Maari boss( don’t know how to use possessive)naam Mr. Shah che
    Tame Mr. Shah Cho
    Theo Mr. Shah che

    Tu Nita Che
    The Nita Che

    Tame Mrs. Jyotsana Cho
    Theo Mrs. Jyotsana Che

    Tu Sanket Che
    The Sanket Che

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